Oct 03

纽约黑帮挑战芝加哥黑社会 黑手党结束美国黑帮历史

作者: 如果爱 iflove.com 人文传奇

黑手党恐怖统治笼罩着整个美国黑社会,并最终导致以詹那维奇为首的芝加哥帮派与以科斯特洛和阿尔伯特为首的纽约黑帮之间爆发了全面战争。美国黑帮不仅要在内部争权夺利,而且要在外部应付美国参议院调查委员会。《纽约黑帮挑战芝加哥黑社会 黑手党结束美国黑帮历史》,如果爱www.iflove.com火力巨献,黑帮犯罪不容放过!敬请关注!Coming up next, National Gang History: How the Street Gangs Took Central America. Here we shall learn it now.

美国黑社会内容提要:黑手党恐怖统治导致美国黑帮四分五裂,纽约黑帮大胆挑战芝加哥黑社会,美国政府添油加醋。时代进入20世纪中后期,美国黑帮不仅要在内部争权夺利,而且要在外部应付美国参议院调查委员会。与此同时,黑手党恐怖统治笼罩着整个黑帮社会。争斗还在继续,暴力仍在进行……

中文解说词:纽约黑帮挑战芝加哥黑社会 黑手党结束美国黑帮历史
English Title: National Gang History: How the Street Gangs Took Central America
Abstract: Gangs of New York Fights Those of Chicago

撰稿:陈家伟 字数:1743字

中文关键词:纽约黑帮,黑帮历史/黑社会历史,黑帮电影推荐,芝加哥黑帮,罪与罚简介,美国禁酒令,美国黑帮大片,黑社会电影,暴力街区,团伙犯罪,美国经济大萧条,犯罪组织,犯罪都市秘籍,犯罪分子,龙争虎斗,罪恶都市秘籍

中英文对照说明:本文为中英文对照。上文为中文解说词,下文为英语翻译。如果出现中英文对照错位现象,请在后面留言中指出。谢谢!

English Keywords: This documentary movie is related to gangs life, Gang History and Gangs Movies.

You will learn Gangs of Chicago, crime and punishment, National Prohibition and Gangs of America.

Want to learn gangland, violence, gang crime in the Great Depression period?

OK, coming up next, criminal organization will analyze Mafia crimes, criminals, and Brotherhood in a Night Club.

亲爱的宝贝,时代进入20世纪中后期,美国黑帮面临着更大的威胁和挑战。他们一方面在内部争权夺利,龙争虎斗,另一方面又要应付参议院调查委员会及其它政府部门的审查。有许多匪徒进了监狱,也有不少暴徒逍遥法外。美国黑帮开始动摇,娱乐城夜总会接连关闭。

黑手党恐怖统治笼罩着整个黑帮社会,并最终导致以詹那维奇为首的芝加哥黑帮与以科斯特洛和阿尔伯特为首的纽约黑帮这两大帮派之间爆发了全面战争。争斗还在继续,暴力仍在进行。美国社会仍然处于一种不安全感之中。与此同时,美国参议院调查委员会及其它政府部门也加紧了对黑帮的打击。

National Gang History: How the Street Gangs Took Central America

WHILE WASHINGTON SLEPT. Gangs have been in existence for as long as there have been inhabitants of this world. The word thug dates back to India in the year 1200 AD and it refers to a gang of criminals (Thugz) that roamed the country pillaging towns in their course. These Thugz had their own symbols, hand signs, rituals and slang. In the United States, we grew up with tales of our own form of thugs like pirates and gangsters, therefore, gangs, undoubtedly, are not a new concept. For more information about gangs of New York and Chicago, please visit www.iflove.com

Throughout the 1800′s, Americans were fascinated with gangs and gangsters. The James Gang, Billy the Kid and other outlaws, legend has it, ruled the Wild West. As the late 1800′s roared in, the new generation of gangs and gangsters was created out of the new immigrants. Irish gangs like the Whyos, Dead Rabbits and Plug Uglies, and Jewish gangs like the Monk Eastman Gang terrorized New York City streets. The most notorious gang during this era formed in New York City during the late 1890′s and early 1900′s. This gang, called the Five Points Gang, because of its home turf being situated in the Five Points (Bowery) Section of Lower Manhattan, would change the mold of the American outlaw forever.

The Five Points Gang, led by Italian immigrant, Paolo Antonini Vaccarelli, also known as Paul Kelly and his second in command, Johnny Torrio, was the most significant street gang to form in the United States, ever! Johnny Torrio, who became a significant member of the Sicilian Mafia (La Cosa Nostra) recruited street hoodlums from across New York City to the Five Points Gang. The Five Points Gang became the Major League to many young street gangsters and a farm club for the Mafia. The most notorious recruit into the Five Points Gang was a teenaged boy of Italian descent who was born in Williamsburg, Brooklyn in 1899 to immigrant parents. His name was Alphonse Capone, better known as Scarface. He became a member of the James Street Gang, which was a minor league of sort, to the Five Pointers. One of Capone’s childhood friends, and fellow member of the Five Points Gang, was another street thug named Lucky Luciano.

In 1919, while being sought by authorities in connection with a gangland murder in New York, Al “Scarface” Capone moved to Chicago when summoned by Johnny Torrio. Torrio needed his assistance in maintaining control of Chicagoland mob territories. Al Capone, eventually became the most violent and prolific gangster in Chicago, if not, the United States, law enforcement has ever experienced. The Al Capone style of gangster has molded the American gangster experience. As will be illustrated later, it is alive today in our street gangs from a variety of backgrounds and races.

As street gangs, influenced by mobsters such as Capone, flourished during the 1920′s and 30′s gangs became a symbol of lower income neighborhoods and ethnic ghettos. America’s new immigrant communities and ghetto neighborhoods saw their youth forming gangs. African Americans, Asians and Hispanics made up the majority of street gangs that sociologists would research but the majority of all communities were experiencing street gangs in some degree. During the early 1940′s, Mexican gangs formed along the west coast of the United States. As the late 1940′s and 50′s came along, gangs like the Latin Kings and Vice Lords were formed in Chicago, Illinois.

With civil strife and disenchantment abound during the 1960′s, African American street gangs formed in large urban cities such as Chicago, Los Angeles and New York. New York street gangs formed under names like the Savage Skulls, La Familia and Savage Nomads. Another New York Street gang during this time known as the Rampers has recently realized the infamy of one its members who is contemporarily known as Sammy “the Bull” Gravano. By the late 1960′s and early 1970′s, Crips gangs in Los Angeles were so violent and entrenched in ghetto neighborhoods that rival Bloods gangs formed to challenge the strength of the Crips. Meanwhile, Chicago experienced the creation of the Black Gangsters, Devil’s Disciples and Black P Stone Rangers, to name a few. The late 1970′s and early 1980′s paved the way for creation of national gang alliances, expansion of national drug networks and the glorification of gangsters with movies like Colors and Scarface.

By the late 1980′s and early 1990′s, drug networks were in full swing. Drug importation from Southeast Asia and Colombia were at its peak. The United States becomes known as the number one drug consumer in the world. Street gangs develop into drug gangs with businesslike operations. Violence becomes standard operating procedure for these gangs. During this time, gangs are spreading like wildfire. Super Gangs, like the Latin Kings, Bloods, Crips and Gangster Disciples have spread their influence across America. Major cities were suffering from the violence connected to these gangs.

During the mid 1990′s, crime rates begin to plummet across the nation. Despite the decrease in crime, street gangs were forming at a high rate. Each year, the number of gangs and gang members reported in surveys increases. Major cities across the United States begin the develop strategies to combat gangs within their boundaries. Ironically, statistics show the suburban gang situation to have the greatest increase. By the late 1990′s, Super Gangs (large, multi cultural/multi-state street gangs) become well entrenched in many American communities despite the steady falling crime rate. Law Enforcement efforts are now targeting gangs across the country and achieving great results. Today, in the year 2000, street gangs are estimated to show a membership of nearly one million members. Some experts feel that number will exceed one million by the year 2001. Now, gangs can relate to their own glorification in the many gangster rap music and videos flooding the media. This has given them fame rather than infamy. It is apparent in today’s clothing and language of our youth how much gangs have influenced our culture. Emulation of the old gangsters, their names, colloquialisms and their practices are being acted out in the streets of our cities and towns. Gang members are referring to themselves as made men and John Gotti or Al Capone. Today’s gangsters are studying the ways of past gangsters and readying themselves for the new millennium.

Last December, a bus driving through the northern city of Chamalecon in Honduras was stopped by gunmen. The assailants quickly surrounded the bus and opened fire with their AK-47s, killing 28 passengers. The attackers, police later revealed, had been members of a notorious street gang known as Mara Salvatrucha (or MS-13) and had chosen their victims at random. The slaughter had nothing to do with the identities of the people onboard; it was meant as a protest and a warning against the government’s crackdown on gang activities in the country. (U.S. officials subsequently arrested Ebner Anibal Rivera-Paz, thought to be the mastermind of the attack, in February in the Texas town of Falfurrias.)

The attack and the subsequent arrest were only the latest sign of the growing power of Central America’s gangs and their ability to shuttle between their home countries and the United States. In the past few years, as Washington has focused its attention on the Middle East, it has virtually ignored a dangerous phenomenon close to home. Ultraviolent youth gangs, spawned in the ghettos of Los Angeles and other U.S. cities, have slowly migrated south to Central America, where they have transformed themselves into powerful, cross-border crime networks. With the United States preoccupied elsewhere, the gangs have grown in power and numbers; today, local officials estimate their size at 70,000-100,000 members. The marabuntas, or maras, as they are known (after a deadly species of local ants), now pose the most serious challenge to peace in the region since the end of Central America’s civil wars.

Nor is the danger limited to the region. Fed by an explosive growth in the area’s youth population and by a host of social problems such as poverty and unemployment, the gangs are spreading, spilling into Mexico and beyond — even back into the United States itself. With them, the maras are bringing rampant crime, committing thousands of murders, and contributing to a flourishing drug trade. Central America’s governments, meanwhile, seem utterly unable to meet the challenge, lacking the skills, know-how, and money necessary to fight these supergangs. The solutions attempted so far — largely confined to military and police operations — have only aggravated the problem; prisons act as gangland finishing schools, and military operations have only dispersed the gangs’ leadership, making bosses harder than ever to track and capture.

黑手党恐怖统治导致美国黑帮四分五裂,纽约黑帮大胆挑战芝加哥黑社会,美国政府添油加醋。无论如何,暴力一直是美国传统文化中的一部分。直到如今,黑帮组织还在以他们自己的方式争权夺利;正如希格尔所说,“我们只杀圈内人”。但现在,一切都在悄然改变。那么,美国政府能够干掉纽约黑帮吗?芝加哥黑帮又是如何挑战纽约黑帮的呢?打开今天的如果爱www.iflove.com,黑社会内幕即将为您揭晓!

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