Oct 02

日俄战争史简介:风云旅顺口之日俄战争的结果和影响

作者: 如果爱 iflove.com 战争传奇

日俄战争的结果和影响:日俄战争整个是日俄“两个强盗分赃”的战争,是继八国联军侵华战争后列强再次给中国人民带来的巨大灾难。日俄战争爆发后,日本居然要求清政府在东北三省以外地区严守中立。让出东北地区作战场。腐败至极的清政府屈服于列强。

节目名称:日俄战争史简介:风云旅顺口之日俄战争的结果和影响
英文名称:Japan Russia War Outcome and Influence(1904-1905)
关键词:本纪录片涉及内容包括帝国主义,日俄战争史,旅顺口旅游,电影纪录片,甲午战争简介,国家主权,战争片,战争故事, 清政府,八国联军侵华战争, 中日战争电影, 中国和日本的战争等。
English Keywords: This documentary film is related to imperialism, Russo-Japanese War, Lvshunkou Travel, Documentary film, Sino-Japanese War of 1894-1895. You may also find materials or date about war-film, central government of Qing Dynasty, Eight-Power Allied Forces war of aggression against China, China Japan War Battlefield. Enjoy and love your warfare movies.
主播单位:如果爱电视台 映像传奇 电影频道
节目类型:日播剧场 人文频道传奇专栏 中英文对照 双语(中文,英语)
推荐级别:三星级
上映时间:2010年10月
视频片段:
在线观看:http://iflove.com/love/tv/

《风云旅顺口》第五集《日俄战争》节目简介

1904年2月8日停泊在旅顺口的俄罗斯海军舰队突然遭到日军的炮火猛烈攻击。日俄战争爆发。

日本和沙皇俄国为了重新瓜分中国东北和朝鲜半岛的势力范围,在中国大地上进行了长达19个月的血腥搏杀。中国的主权在战争中遭到疯狂践踏和肆意的蹂躏 。

请看《日俄战争》的英文简介:

Russo–Japanese War: Outcome and Influence(1904-1905)

The Manchurian War 1904-1905 – The Official Journal of the Russo-Japanese War Research Society!

Japan Russia War: The Russo–Japanese War (Japanese: 日露戦争; Romaji: Nichi-Ro Sensō; Russian: Русско-японская война Russko-yaponskaya voyna; simplified Chinese: 日俄战争; traditional Chinese: 日俄戰爭; pinyin: Rì’é Zhànzhēng, 10 February 1904 – 5 September 1905) was a conflict that grew out of the rival imperial ambitions of the Russian Empire and Japanese Empire over Manchuria and Korea. The major theatres of operations were Southern Manchuria, specifically the area around the Liaodong Peninsula and Mukden, the seas around Korea, Japan, and the Yellow Sea.

The Russians sought a warm water port[3] on the Pacific Ocean, for their navy as well as for maritime trade. Vladivostok was only operational during the summer season, but Port Arthur would be operational all year. From the end of the First Sino-Japanese War and 1903, negotiations between Russia and Japan had proved futile. Japan chose war to maintain exclusive dominance in Korea.

The resulting campaigns, in which the fledgling Japanese military consistently attained victory over the Russian forces arrayed against them, were unexpected by world observers. These victories, as time transpired, would dramatically transform the balance of power in East Asia, resulting in a reassessment of Japan’s recent entry onto the world stage. The embarrassing string of defeats inflamed the Russian people’s dissatisfaction with their inefficient and corrupt Tsarist government, and proved a major cause of the Russian Revolution of 1905.

Russo-Japanese War  (1904-05), military conflict in which a victorious Japan forced Russia to abandon its expansionist policy in the Far East, becoming the first Asian power in modern times to defeat a European power.

The Russo-Japanese War developed out of the rivalry between Russia and Japan for dominance in Korea and Manchuria. In 1898 Russia had pressured China into granting it a lease for the strategically important port of Port Arthur (now Lü-shun), at the tip of the Liaotung Peninsula, in southern Manchuria. Russia thereby entered into occupation of the peninsula, even though, in concert with other European powers, it had forced Japan to relinquish just such a right after the latter’s decisive victory over China in the Sino-Japanese War of 1894-95. Moreover, in 1896 Russia had concluded an alliance with China against Japan and, in the process, had won rights to extend the Trans-Siberian Railroad across Chinese-held Manchuria to the Russian seaport of Vladivostok, thus gaining control of an important strip of Manchurian territory.

However, though Russia had built the Trans-Siberian Railroad (1891-1904), it still lacked the transportation facilities necessary to reinforce its limited armed forces in Manchuria with sufficient men and supplies. Japan, by contrast, had steadily expanded its army since its war with China in 1894 and by 1904 had gained a marked superiority over Russia in the number of ground troops in the Far East. After Russia reneged in 1903 on an agreement to withdraw its troops from Manchuria, Japan decided it was time to attack.

The war began on Feb. 8, 1904, when the main Japanese fleet launched a surprise attack and siege on the Russian naval squadron at Port Arthur. In March the Japanese landed an army in Korea that quickly overran that country. In May another Japanese army landed on the Liaotung Peninsula, and on May 26 it cut off the Port Arthur garrison from the main body of Russian forces in Manchuria. The Japanese then pushed northward, and the Russian army fell back to Mukden (now Shen-yang) after losing battles at Fu-hsien (June 14) and Liao-yang (August 25), south of Mukden. In October the Russians went back on the offensive with the help of reinforcements received via the Trans-Siberian Railroad, but their attacks proved indecisive owing to poor military leadership.

The Japanese had also settled down to a long siege of Port Arthur after several very costly general assaults on it had failed. The garrison’s military leadership proved divided, however, and on Jan. 2, 1905, in a gross act of incompetence and corruption, Port Arthur’s Russian commander surrendered the port to the Japanese without consulting his officers and with three months’ provisions and adequate supplies of ammunition still in the fortress.

The final battle of the land war was fought at Mukden in late February and early March 1905, between Russian forces totaling 330,000 men and Japanese totaling 270,000. After long and stubborn fighting and heavy casualties on both sides, the Russian commander, General A.N. Kuropatkin, broke off the fighting and withdrew his forces northward from Mukden, which fell into the hands of the Japanese. Losses in this battle were exceptionally heavy, with approximately 89,000 Russian and 71,000 Japanese casualties.

The naval Battle of Tsushima finally gave the Japanese the upper hand in the conflict. The Japanese had been unable to secure the complete command of the sea on which their land campaign depended, and the Russian squadrons at Port Arthur and Vladivostok had remained moderately active. But on May 27-29, 1905, in a battle in the Tsushima Straits, Admiral Togo Heihachiro’s main Japanese fleet destroyed the Russian Baltic Fleet, which, commanded by Admiral Z.P. Rozhestvensky, had sailed in October 1904 all the way from the Baltic port of Liepaja to relieve the forces at Port Arthur and at the time of the battle was trying to reach Vladivostok. (See Tsushima, Battle of.) Japan was by this time financially exhausted, but its decisive naval victory at Tsushima, together with increasing internal political unrest throughout Russia, where the war had never been popular, brought the Russian government to the peace table.

President Theodore Roosevelt of the United States served as mediator at the peace conference, which was held at Portsmouth, N.H., U.S. (Aug. 9-Sept. 5, 1905). In the resulting Treaty of Portsmouth, Japan gained control of the Liaotung Peninsula (and Port Arthur) and the South Manchurian railroad (which led to Port Arthur), as well as half of Sakhalin Island. Russia agreed to evacuate southern Manchuria, which was restored to China, and Japan’s control of Korea was recognized. Within two months of the treaty’s signing, a revolution compelled the Russian tsar Nicholas II to issue the October Manifesto, which was the equivalent of a constitutional charter.

Battle of Tsushima (May 27-29, 1905), naval engagement of the Russo-Japanese War, the final, crushing defeat of the Russian navy in that conflict.

The Japanese had been unable to secure the complete command of the sea because the Russian naval squadrons at Port Arthur and Vladivostok made sorties and both sides suffered losses in the ensuing engagements. Meanwhile, the Russian government decided to send the Baltic Fleet all the way to the Far East under the command of Admiral Zinovy Petrovich Rozhestvensky to link up with the Pacific Squadron at Port Arthur, upon which the combined fleets would overwhelm the Japanese navy. The Russian Baltic Fleet, having spent the whole summer fitting out, sailed from Liepaja on Oct. 15, 1904. Off the Dogger Bank (in the North Sea) on October 21, several Russian ships opened fire on British trawlers in the mistaken belief that they were Japanese torpedo boats, and this incident aroused such anger in England that war was only avoided by the immediate apology and promise of full compensation made by the Russian government. At Nossi-Bé, near Madagascar, Rozhestvensky learned of the surrender of Port Arthur to Japanese forces and proposed returning to Russia; but, expecting naval reinforcements, which had been sent from the Baltic via Suez early in March 1905 and which later joined him at Camranh Bay (Vietnam), he decided to proceed. His full fleet amounted to a formidable armada, but many of the ships were old and unserviceable and their crews were poorly trained. Early in May the fleet reached the China Sea, and Rozhestvensky made for Vladivostok via the Tsushima Strait. Admiral Togo Heihachiro’s fleet lay in wait for him on the south Korean coast near Pusan, and on May 27, as the Russian Fleet approached, he attacked. The Japanese ships were superior in speed and armament, and, in the course of the two-day battle, two-thirds of the Russian Fleet was sunk, six ships were captured, four reached Vladivostok, and six took refuge in neutral ports. It was a dramatic and decisive defeat; after a voyage lasting seven months and when within a few hundred miles of its destination, the Baltic Fleet was shattered, and, with it, Russia’s hope of regaining mastery of the sea was crushed.

日俄之战规模之大,伤亡之惨,均为罕见。俄军基于其陈旧的战略。战术思想。低估了日本的军事实力。加上指挥决策频频失误。作战消极被动。在经过辽阳。旅顺口。奉天。对马海战等战役后。俄军一蹶不振。很快就奠定了败局。

日俄战争整个是日俄”两个强盗分赃”的战争。是继八国联军侵华后列强再次给中国人民带来的巨大灾难。日俄战争爆发后,日本居然要求清政府在东北三省以外地区严守中立。让出东北地区作战场。腐败至极的清政府屈服于列强。竟同意宣布”局外中立”。任凭日俄两军蹂躏中国的大好河山。战后。清廷方面统计,东北民众死于战火的约2万人。流离失所的难民达几十万人。好了,亲爱的,现在就让我们打开如果爱www.iflove.com,一起观看日本和俄国这两只野猴子打架吧!

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