Jul 25

美国政府打击黑社会犯罪 纽约黑帮组建暴力街区

作者: 如果爱 iflove.com 人文传奇

纽约黑帮暴力街区:进入20世纪30年代,在经济大萧条的背景下,美国政府同黑帮的斗争拉开了帷幕。廉洁奉公小组一举端掉了卡蓬的犯罪团伙,摧毁了卡蓬的金钱帝国。新成立的打击犯罪小组也给纽约黑帮造成致命性的打击,迫使纽约黑帮转入地下。在各个方面的共同努力下,打击黑帮犯罪的斗争取得了空前的成功美国黑帮电影将带您走进那个动荡喧嚣的年代,再现那场正邪之间的较量。《美国政府打击黑社会犯罪 纽约黑帮组建暴力街区》,如果爱www.iflove.com隆重巨献,黑帮老大伴您每一天!敬请关注!Coming up next, U.S. Government Fighted Against Violence and Crime of Gangs of New York. Here we shall help the U.S. Government now.

美国黑帮电影大片

美国黑帮电影大片

中文解说词:美国政府打击黑社会犯罪 纽约黑帮组建暴力街区
English Title: U.S. Government Fighted Against Violence and Crime of Gangs of New York

撰稿:陈家伟 字数:868字

中文关键词:纽约黑帮,黑帮历史/黑社会历史,黑帮电影推荐,芝加哥黑帮,罪与罚简介,美国禁酒令,美国黑帮大片,黑社会电影,暴力街区,团伙犯罪,美国经济大萧条,犯罪组织,犯罪都市秘籍,犯罪分子,龙争虎斗,罪恶都市秘籍

中英文对照说明:本文为中英文对照。上文为中文解说词,下文为英语翻译。如果出现中英文对照错位现象,请在后面留言中指出。谢谢!

English Keywords: gangs, Gang History, Gangs Movies, Gangs of Chicago, crime and punishment, National Prohibition, Gangs of America, gangland, violence, gang crime, Great Depression, criminal organization, crimes, criminals, Brotherhood, Crime

亲爱的宝贝,20世纪20年代末,经济大萧条席卷欧美,美国经济全面崩溃。但是,黑帮团伙却借此大发横财。一时间,非法生意和不法勾当横行全国,老百姓怨声载道。打击犯罪,粉碎黑帮已成当务之急。在今天的如果爱www.iflove.com黑帮电影纪录片中,我们将走进那个动荡喧嚣的年代,再现那场正邪之间的较量。

在禁酒官员尼斯的提议下,美国地区政府批准成立了一个廉洁奉公小组。在各个方面的共同努力下,廉洁奉公小组一举断掉了卡蓬的犯罪团伙,摧毁了卡蓬的金钱帝国。拉戈蒂亚市长从整顿政府内部成员入手,成立了一个打击犯罪小组。在他的领导下,新成立的打击犯罪小组也给纽约黑帮造成致命性的打击,迫使纽约黑帮转入地下。虽然仍有一些不法分子逍遥法外,无恶不作,但打击黑帮犯罪的斗争还是取得了空前的成功。

事实证明,禁酒官员尼斯和拉戈蒂亚市长的做法是明智而有效的。那么,美国政府是如何打击黑社会犯罪的呢?纽约黑帮又是如何组建暴力街区的呢?芝加哥黑帮何去何从?黑帮老大是否束手就擒?打开今天的如果爱www.iflove.com,您将在美国黑帮电影纪录片中找到满意的答案。

U.S. Government Fights Against American Gangsters

Exposure to violence is commonplace in the American home. Leading The Fight Against Gangs In The United States. An Educational Guide. National Drug & Safety League

United States Expands Fight Against Gangs. Crime and violence have always been part of society in the United States, but there is growing concern for their rise in relation to gang activity. Attributed to increased migration into the United States as well as the needs of the job market, gang-related violence and crime have renewed community interest in learning more about how to combat them.

Gangs flourish in an environment where basic social institutions such as family, role models, and education are not as strong as they should be. Although often found in poor, lower class neighborhoods or ghettos where there may be little chance for success in life, gangs can also thrive in suburban and rural areas. Some form of gang activity is found in almost every state. Gangs are now forming in small rural areas often consist of members from more populous areas who have traveled to new cities to form smaller extensions of the original gangs.

By the time a child is 10 years old, he or she will have seen 8,000 murders on TV. Children are exposed to sex, alcohol and other drugs, and violence at an earlier age than in previous decades. These dangers pose a substantial health risk for all young people and increased exposure to these elements makes it more likely that a child will yield to the pressures of today’s society. Violence has become a learned behavior producing fighting and other forms of aggression in the early years of an adolescent.

Graffiti and an increase in violence are evidence of a gang’s presence in the community. With weapon arsenals larger than some law enforcement agencies and their habitual disregard for law and order, gangs terrorize neighborhoods. Through fear tactics, intimidation, and retaliation, they make it perilous for citizens to report crime and take a stand against it. Some neighborhoods have gone into hiding because gangs have rendered them so unsafe. Drive-by shootings that take innocent lives cause more serious acts of revenge. Many states have passed concealed weapon laws in reaction to gang activity.

It is important to know that even though violence plays a large role in gang life, gang activity is not always violent. Lack of employment and few recreational outlets cause many gangs to substitute “hanging out” together as a form of socializing.

Gang members do not always need to seek new recruits as gang members. In today’s society, gang life is idolized in movies, television, and fashion. Youngsters may emulate gang members hoping for the rewards of recognition and acceptance. Gang life offers power and quick money, acquisitions that usually take a lifetime to accumulate following the proper steps of accomplishment through education and the job field.

Because they tend to change their dress and customs periodically to remain secretive (which is part of the allure of gang membership), there is no exact definition of a gang. However, gang members are brought together by their inabilities and faults more than by a common goal. Having nothing to live for, such as a job or family, causes gangs to fight for recognition within their communities from their peers and rival gang members.

One of the most disturbing aspects of the gang situation is the age of the children involved. Law enforcement officers find children ages 8 to 10 implicated in a variety of street crimes. Because older gang members are subject to arrest for drug possession, they recruit juveniles for the job of selling them. The juveniles, both male and female, actually committing the crimes are not prosecuted because of their young age.

United States Expands Fight Against Gangs in America

How the Federal Government’s Escalating Offensive Against Gangs Has Run Afoul of the Constitution. In American history, gangs have most often been made up of men and boys whose parents were recent immigrants.

Immigration had many sources. Because of famine and failed crops in Europe, Irish immigrants fled to America in the 1800s seeking a better life. More people from other countries saw the industrial revolution as a new start and poured into the United States.

But these new Americans found life was not easy. Some found a harder life in America than they had expected. To help support the family, their children worked in sweatshops, and the dream of a better life would often start to dim. Language and cultural barriers made it difficult for them to adjust to their new home.

Their shared ethnic backgrounds led to the formation of gangs, a banding together for protection from harm and prejudice. To some degree, this pattern continues today.

In 1865-1866, a white supremacist group emerged in Tennessee. Called the Ku Klux Klan and also referred to as the KKK, they opposed the rights of minority groups such as African-Americans and people of Jewish decent. They resorted to violence to achieve their goal of prohibiting minority groups from exercising the rights granted to them after the Civil War. The Klan spread quickly in the southern states. Operating in the night, they also beat and murdered white people who sympathized with African-Americans. Klan members wore white hooded robes, hid their faces, and even disguised their horses under while sheets. The Klan continued to grow and terrorize until the U.S. Congress passed the Forced Bill in 1871, allowing the President to use federal troops to stop the Klan. The Klan has had several major time periods of activity and continues to this day. Some believe the Klan is responsible for starting the widespread violence we see today.

Child labor in factories continued until the Child Labor Reform of 1873. This act made it illegal for children between the ages of 5 and 15 to work, but its disastrous effect was to put over 100,000 children, now out of work, onto the streets. Because of this act, gang members became younger in age.

Gang-infested neighborhoods were affected by extortion, robbery, and other crimes. As more power money were obtained, gangs grew and spread. The older gangs kept control over the younger gangs to preserve order in the neighborhood.

Organized crime made its debut in the 1920s during prohibition. It supplied the demand for illegal alcohol and encouraged yet another wave of crime.

Gangs have become more sophisticated in the past decade. Since the 1990s, gangs have adopted clothing trends, traditions, graffiti, hand signals, as well as an arsenal of weapons. Arguments that once were settled by fistfights are now settled by gunfire.

Gang-Related Crimes in the United States of America

Gang involvement in the drug trade is largely responsible for the rise in violence and crime across the nation. Drug trafficking and gang membership come into play where poverty and a lack of jobs infest a neighborhood or community. Becoming a gang member can provide a teen with the opportunity to make large amounts of money quickly by selling illegal drugs. This is violent and dangerous business where the use of guns is a natural course of action.

The combination of drug use and easy access to guns is extremely dangerous and the cause of many gang related deaths.

Extortion: Some gangs require shop owners to pay for “protection”. Members resort to vandalism, theft, arson, and murder when shop owners fail to pay.

Shoplifting: Stealing from stores is commonplace for many gang members. The more they get away with, the more blatant the attempts become. Shoplifting is also used as a form of recruitment. If someone wants to join a gang, they may be required to shoplift to prove their bravery and demonstrate how adept they are at not getting caught.

Assault and Harassment: Gang members often threaten and intimidate residents in their neighborhood or “territory”. Witnesses who report a gang crime or testify against a member may be assaulted or killed. Sometimes these scare tactics are also used to recruit new gang members. Teens not belonging to a gang can be threatened and intimidated into joining one.

Rape and Sexual Assault: As a form of control and power, gangs members have committed rape and sexual assault on helpless victims. Sometimes these assaults occur with in the gang or as a part of initiation.

Drug Dealing What once was an illegal alcohol business in the 1920s and 1930s has turned into a black market drug operation in the 1990s. When the government became stricter on drugs and their availability, gang members saw an open door for big business and a guaranteed steady increase in profits. What is unavailable on the open market or only available by prescription is now attainable on the streets via the black market. Since addiction goes hand-in-hand with many drugs, a steady source of gang income is assured. To keep from being arrested, older gang members recruit children as young as 8 or 9 to deal and carry drugs. If the young children are caught by law enforcement officers, they cannot be prosecuted to the same extent as an older member. This tactic keeps the older members from being arrested for illegal activities.

Drive-By Shootings: Gangs, motivated by revenge, often shoot in the direction or vicinity of a rival gang’s territory. They are responsible for numerous murders each year; many victims are innocent bystanders.

Grand theft auto and carjackings: Members may steal a vehicle for the sole purpose of committing a crime to which they cannot be connected. Car owners, especially in carjackings, are often victims of assault and murder as a result.

Destruction of property: To demonstrate their power over a rival gang or a community, gang members destroy public and private property through vandalism and graffiti and by breaking and entering.

Gun Trafficking: Today’s gangs are involved in arms trading and are heavily equipped with a variety of dangerous weapons.

American Gang Member Profiles and Data

Only a small percentage of gang members are actually recruited. Whether they have a relative or friend who is a member, desire the prestige, or want the money, most gang members join because they want to join.

The Female Gang Member in the United States

A young woman of any ethnic background may belong to a gang. In the past, a female’s role in the male gang was primarily as a: girlfriend drug-trafficker or go-between

Many male gangs allow females to join their ranks, but others are exclusively female. These all-female gangs formed in reaction to the sexism and gender inequality found in the male dominated gangs. Frustrated by the absence of equal rights and dissatisfied with risking their lives without voice or influence, girls formed their own groups.

Female gangs are rapidly forming in all parts of the United States. Interest in gang membership can begin as early as eight years old.

Initiation into a gang: Some initiation rites are the same as for male gangs, such as shoplifting, robbery, or beatings. Other requirements may involve sexual acts. One common initiation rite is to be diced in. After a member rolls a pair of dice, the one wishing to join must have sexual intercourse with the number of male gang members equal to the roll of the dice. Other girls are trained (a reference to railroad cars in a train) into a gang by choosing to have sex with one boy after another. If a girl tries to join a male gang, having sex with male gang members may lead to the girl being treated as a slave by the male gang.

Quitting to gang: Similar to the rules of a male gang, a ritual must be endured to leave. A majority of the females choose to face out (save face) by getting pregnant.

While males join gangs for the excitement and acceptance of the gang, girls are induced by gang membership as a way to:

Cure loneliness and secure warmth and affection. Satisfy the need to belong to a group, Fulfilled in part by the dress codes and traditions imposed by gang membership as a sign of solidarity. To express anger and frustration encountered daily in a life filled with poverty and joblessness and devoid of hope.

The Male Gang Member in the United States

Gang members may be of any ethnic group. Young men form gangs to acquire companionship, gain peer respect, act-out biases, and express cultural identity.

It is becoming a common occurrence in both rural and urban communities across America to see evidence of gang activity.

Susceptibility to gang influence is possible from the early age of eight on to the middle age.

Initiation into a gang: Most youths who want to be gang members must first endure a test or ritual of initiation.

Jumpin’ in is a common form of initiation that consists of a series of beatings over a set period of time by a certain number of members to see if the initiates are tough enough to join the gang.

Other forms of initiation may include robbery, shoplifting, rape, burglary, a drive-by shooting, stealing a gun, assaulting a rival, or self mutilation(cigarette or coin burns).

As a form of intimidation and means of control over the inductee, many gangs choose a criminal act as their initiation ritual.

Quitting the gang: Two of the very few options available for successfully leaving a gang are being beaten down or jumped out. These are similar to the “jumpin’ in” initiation rite, except the beatings are often so severe that death results.

If a member chooses to leave the gang without being beaten down or jumped out, his former friends (gang members) may resort to murdering him.

When a member manages to get out of a gang with dignity (jumped out), he definitely loses the gang’s protection but does not lose his former enemies.

The excitement of gang activity, which often involves violence, danger, and outward expressions of cultural biases, coupled with the acceptance give by fellow gang members, provide the social support and community involvement that are often lacking in the lives of young male gang members.

Children at Risk with Gangs of America

Gangs can be found in almost any major city as well as in most rural areas. Areas that do not have many recreational activities for youth are at higher risk of inviting a gang to form. Many gangs wishing to branch out select this type of area to occupy. Is your neighborhood a possibility? Are your children safe from gang-influence and gang-violence?

Gang members seem to possess many common features and attributes that made them susceptible to gang recruitment efforts.

纽约黑帮组建暴力街区,遭到美国政府强烈打击。禁酒官员尼斯和拉戈蒂亚市长的做法是明智而有效的,美国黑帮抱头鼠窜。那么,美国政府是如何打击黑社会犯罪的呢?纽约黑帮又是如何组建暴力街区的呢?芝加哥黑帮何去何从?黑帮老大是否束手就擒?打开今天的如果爱www.iflove.com,您将在美国黑帮电影纪录片中找到满意的答案。

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